Free Pass, cited in Steers, R. ERG is used to explain the dynamics of human need in organisations; it states that there are intrinsic needs that give rise to dispositions that must be satisfied before the individual is motivated.
Similarities include reducing Maslow to three needs since some overlap. There are similarities and differences from Maslow. Workers who contribute a high level of inputs and receive in turn a high level of outcomes are motivated to continue to contribute a high level of inputs.
George, Equity theory is a popular theory of motivation and has received extensive research attention and although there have been some non supportive results, by and large the research evidence supports the main ideas of equity theory. It also acknowledges that opportunities for the satisfaction of needs constitute an important element in the motivation of individuals.
Greenberg, cited in George, In contrast of process theories of work motivation, content theories of work motivation assume that factors exist within the individual that energize, direct and sustain behaviour. As mentioned, everyone is different in their levels of satisfaction and motivational priorities, some of which would be unknown to the individual.
According to Equity theory, however, it is not the objective level of outcomes and inputs that is important in determining work motivation. Also more than one need can be operative at the same time. Equity theory appears to offer a useful approach to understanding a wide variety of social relationships in the work place.
George, The methods through which individuals reduce inequity are referred to as methods of inequity resolution. R 3rd Ed. Also more than one need can be operative at the same time. What is the difference between Content Theory and Process Theory. Because there is no rigid hierarchy in which a lower need must be substantially gratified before one can move one and since one or more needs can be operative at the same time this makes ERG more consistent with our knowledge of individual differences amongst people.
It also acknowledges that opportunities for the satisfaction of needs constitute an important element in the motivation of individuals. And in addition to the Satisfaction- Progression process described by Maslow, a Frustration-Regression process also exists whereby those who are unable to satisfy a higher need become frustrated and regress back to the next lower need level.
What is Process Theory. Reinforcement theory is another approach to motivation that argues that the behaviour that results in rewarding consequences is likely to be repeated, whereas behaviour that results in punishing consequences is less likely to be repeated.
Another difference between the two theories is that process theories focus on external behaviours or influences. This final need however, is rarely met, hence it being at the top of the hierarchy as the idea of: Finchman et al, The ERG theory appears to offer a useful way of thinking about employee motivation.
Love and belonging including friendship, intimacy and family are next. This effort when complemented by appropriate organizational support and individual abilities result in good performance.
Managers could then incorporate this into the way that tasks are delegated so that when an employee completes one task they obtain a certain amount of need satisfaction.
Steers, One of the main differences between the two theories is that the Equity theory is a process theory and the ERG theory is a content theory. Managers may think that employees would work harder for a raise whereas others believe it is ineffective.
The theory acknowledges that if higher levels remain unfulfilled, there may be a regression to lower level needs in what is known as frustration-regression principle. Fincham et al, Whereas, content theories focus on the assumption that individuals are motivated by the desire to fulfil inner needs.
For Affiliation Motivation is fueled by satisfaction and acceptance. Although there is a disagreement between Maslow and Alderfer regarding the exact number of need categories, both theories acknowledge that opportunities for the satisfaction of needs constitute an important element in the motivation of individuals.
Franken, Content theories tend to be heavily prescriptive in nature, since by assuming people have similar needs they are also recommending the characteristics that ought to be present in a job. Academic Press cited in George, J.
It proposes five basic levels of needs, each needing to be fulfilled before we will try to fulfill the next need. Motivation is usually stimulated by a want where there is a gain to be had as a result of performing a certain task. The first set being the basic needs, contain physiological and safety needs.
Existence, relatedness, and growth; Campbell and Pritchard, Motivation theory and industrial and organisational psychology cited in George, J.
Therefore if there is nothing that an individual wants, there would be no need for them to perform a certain task as there is nothing they can gain from it. Safety needs come in the form of feeling secure in the job that you have which means that there is a requirement of: It addressees some of the limitations with Maslows Theory.
In this aspect the model is more lenient and due to not having a strict order of how they must be met, any factor within their respective categories can be acquired in any order making it easy and ready to be tested.
Advances in experimental social psychology, vol. (Steers, ) One of the main differences between the two theories is that the Equity theory is a process theory and the ERG theory is a content theory.
Process theories stress that unique things motivate each of us and that motivation is mostly the outcome of social comparison processes. Compare and contrast one process theory of motivation with one content theory. Include in your answer a brief explanation why one is a process and the other a content theory.
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In this section, we will look at the four content theories of motivation that dominate organizational thinking today Maslows theory: According to Maslow, human needs from hierarchy, starting at the bottom with the physiological needs and reaching to the highest needs of self actualization.
Compare and contrast one process theory of motivation with one content theory. Include in your answer a brief explanation why one is a process and the other is a content theory.
The main difference between content and process theories is that content theory focuses on individual needs, while process theory focuses on behavior. These theories provide insight into what motivates people to act a certain way in a particular setting and are popular in business management.
Content theory or need theory can be identified as the earliest theories related with the concept of motivation. It outlines the reasons for motivating an individual; that means it explains the necessities and requirements that are essential to motivate a person.Compare and contrast one process theory of motivation with one content theory